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Spotlight on QA5

Assessing dignity and the rights of the child.

How do Authorised Officers determine whether the dignity and rights of every child are maintained (element 5.1.2)?

Key resources

Resources that will be helpful for you along your journey.

DOWNLOAD UN Convention of the Rights of the Child

What is the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child?

In 1989, the United Nations established the first legally binding document to protect the rights of children. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is a collectively agreed set of non- negotiable standards and obligations to protect children's rights, to help meet their basic needs, and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. So far, 194 countries have ratified the convention and brought their legislation, policy and practice to reflect the universally recognised standards. Having ratified the Convention, the Australian Government has committed to making sure every child in Australia has every right under each of the 54 Articles in the Convention.

Why assess the dignity and rights of children?

The advocacy of children’s dignity and rights is the foundation from which we operate as early years practitioners. It forms the foundation of both the Early Childhood Australia (ECA) Code of Ethics and the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) which guide both best practice and understanding of quality education and care for children. The revised ECA Code of Ethics encourages early childhood professionals to reflect about their ethical responsibilities, not only towards children but also their families and the communities in which they belong.

In addition, the EYLF advocates that early childhood practitioners must uphold all children’s rights to have their cultures, identities, abilities and strengths acknowledged and valued, and respond to the complexity of children’s and families’ lives (EYLF, p.13). The National Quality Standard (element 1.1.2) promotes that this forms the foundation of the program. Through this, we endeavour to provide children with the skills and knowledge to become confident and active members of society.

What do Authorised Officers look for?

Authorised Officers bring their understanding of cultural competence to the assessment of the dignity and rights of children. The “universally recognised standards” outlined in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child are still those of the majority group and they may be interpreted and enacted differently in different contexts. A simplified version of the Convention of the Rights of the Child is available to support educators in their work with children.

Download simplified UN CROC

Children’s Identity and Agency

Providing play and relaxation opportunities appropriate to each child
Ensuring each child is provided with opportunities and experiences based on interests, strengths and needs
Fostering each child’s individuality and talents
Valuing and supporting the importance of a child’s race, religion, culture and language to support belonging and identity
Developing identity through belonging to groups within, and external to, the service
Respecting and promoting children’s choices and agency and their right to express themselves through a variety of mediums.


Maintaining confidentiality of each family’s information and records
Discussing issues with children, parents and caregivers in confidence
Observing and documenting children with respect, in consultation with families
Permitting children to have access to information about documentation affecting them
Ensuring the dignity of each child during personal care routines (such as toileting and nappy

Behaviour Management

Acknowledging good choices
Handling conflict with respect
Allowing space and support for children to effectively express their emotions
Promoting self-regulation
Guiding children to respect, appreciate and positively interact with diversity
Encouraging children to challenge bias and stand up for themselves and others who may be experiencing discrimination
Ensuring behaviour management respects children’s dignity as well as human rights

Preventing Harm

Caring for and protecting children and families who have been hurt or mistreated
Helping children and families who have been neglected or abused
Ensuring children are protected from harm at all times and that educators are aware of their roles and responsibilities in relation to child protection legislation
Compliance with the Education and Care Services National Law and Regulations that ensures children’s health, safety and wellbeing is supported

Supporting Families

Acknowledging the importance of family in making decisions to support each child's wellbeing, learning and growth
Providing families with resources for parents to make informed choices
Supporting families during drop off/pick up times
Helping families access local organisations and support agencies
Supporting children and families with additional needs

Ethical Thinking

Promoting empathy
Looking at social justice and equity
Extending understanding on cultures and religions
Facilitating children’s access to relevant and age appropriate media

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